The Ford Falcon can be a full-size car which has been manufactured by Ford Australia since 1960. Each model from the XA series of 1972 onward continues to be designed, developed and built in Australia and/or New Zealand, following on from the phasing from American Falcon of 1960-71 which had been re-engineered locally for the harsher Australian conditions. After the longevity of its Australian production, the Falcon considered biggest selling names in world automotive history, selling over 3,000,000 in six generations to 2003, almost exclusively in Australia and New Zealand. As of July 2007, Ford sells upwards of 3,000 units per thirty days.
NEWOther Ford Car Repair Manuals click here Get other Ford Falcon Fairlane LTD manuals click hereCovers Models: AU Series Ford Falcon Fairlane LTD XR6 XR8 and Utes.covering AU Series Ford Falcon Fairlane LTD and other derivatives XR6 XR8 and commercials. Includes information on tune-up repairs mechanical restoration maintenance bodywork electrical diagrams diagnostic procedures specifications. Covers both 5 speed manual BTR 93/97LE automatic gearboxes. Engines described are all petrol engines except the 4.0L I6 LPG which is a dedicated LPG engine: 4.0L I6 OHC SEFI 4.0L I6 HP 4.0L I6 VCT 4.0L I6 LPG 5.0L V8 5.0L V8 HO Transmissions described are: M57 5-speed manual BTR 93LE 4-speed automatic (6-cylinder) BTR 97LE 4-speed automatic (V8) Contents: General Information. Engine Tune-Up and Maintenance. 6 Cylinder Engine Mai
Get other Ford repair manuals hereFord Falcon / Fairlane / LTD 1988 - 1993 Gregorys Owners Service Repair Manual Models Sedan Wagon: Series Covered:#9679; Falcon Series - EA EB ED#9679; Fairlane Series - NA NC#9679; LTD Series - DA DCEngines Covered:#9679; 3.2 litre 6 cylinder#9679; 3.9 litre 6 cylinder#9679; 4.0 litre 6 cylinderGregorys workshop manuals are produced for the Australian market. These vehicle specifications may vary from those sold in other countries. Please be aware of these possible differences prior to using the data contained within.Published by Gregorys (Gregorys)Information on Repair and Service ManualsNote that repair manuals are normally produced for models sold in a particular country.Differences in specification can exist between models sold in different countries and items such as installed engines can differ.P
NEWOther Ford Car Repair Manuals click here Get other Ford Falcon Fairlane LTD manuals click hereThese three models are covered in great detail and feature six cylinder and Ford s V8 engine. Factory specifications wiring diagrams diagnostic charts learn to read engine management diagnostic system tune-up information detailed and easy to follow diagrams covering the Falcon EF EL Fairlane NF NL (including the Concorde) LTD DF DL models between 1994 1998. Engines covered: 4.0-litre (3984 cc) OHC 6-cylinder 5.0-litre (4949 cc) OHV V8 Transmissions covered: 93LE 4-speed automatic (6-cylinder) 97LE 4-speed automatic (V8) This manual has complete overhaul details for both manual and automatic transmissions. Series: Falcon GLi Futura Fairmont Fairmont Ghia XR and Fairlane Fairlane Ghia LTDContents: General Information. Engine Tune-Up and Maintenance. Emis
Ford Falcon BA BF FG Territory SX SY 2002 - 2014 Haynes Repair Manual covers the Sedan Wagon Utility models: Ford Falcon BA 2002 - 2005 Ford Falcon BF 2005 - 2008 Ford Falcon FG 2008 - 2014 Ford Fairlane BA 2003 - 2005 Ford Fairlane BF 2005 - 2007 Ford Territory SX 2004 - 2005 Ford Territory SY 2005 - 2011Engine covered: Petrol: 4.0 litre 6 Cylinder DOHC 24v MPEFI (incl XR6 Turbo also AWD for the Territory)Transmissions Covered: Manual Transmission BTR T5 (M57 5 speed) T56 Tremec 6 speed Auto Transmission BTR 93LE 4 speed + overdrive ZF Getriebe 6HP26 5 speed + overdriveTransfer Case: Venture Gear NV125 DOES NOT cover LPG or Territory SZ models or wiring diagrams for Falcon FG Series 11 models.Contents: Introductory Pages About this Man
Ford has manufactured over three million units since 1960, and it has topped the sales charts in Australia on many occasions. Currently the Falcon line-up is offered in sedan and utility body styles, however over the years panel vans, station wagons, and hardtops (coupes) were offered. Australian made Ford Falcons and Holden Commodores dominate the ranks of taxis in Australia and New Zealand, and tend to be used as police patrol cars.
Luxury variants belonging to the current model Falcon, collectively referred to as a G Series, are marketed as the Ford G6, G6E and G6E Turbo. Other Falcon based models brought to life by Ford Australia, but no longer in production, would be the Ford Futura, Ford Fairmont and Ford Landau, and the long wheelbase Ford Fairlane and Ford LTD.
During the 1950s, Ford's Australian sales were faltering because rise in popularity of the Holden which still did not have an effective competitor. Ford assembled the English Zephyr as well as Consul and Zodiac derivatives. However, while these cars were moderately successful and was built with a good reputation, Ford would not want to match Holden's price, and so sales suffered. Incredible for the price difference was the higher cost of imported parts, which were be more responsive to an import tariff. Ford also assembled Canadian-sourced Ford V8 models, these types of cars were in a higher price category, putting them not even considered belonging to the average buyer.
Hence, Ford to be able to commence local production of a Holden challenger. Initially they intended to produce the Zephyr, using expensive dies they would would like to purchase from Ford England. However, during a stop by at Ford headquarters in Detroit in 1958, these people were shown the brand new Falcon, which was being prepared ready for its US launch. Immediately, the executives were to be able to the new car- it was comparable size as Holden, but it really was low, long, wide and modern. The width allowed it in order to 6 people, in addition to a 2-speed automatic transmission was available. Besides pretty much everything, Ford Australia felt that were there more experience building North American cars. Hence they thought I would make Falcon their new Australian car. In 1959, Ford built a factory at Broadmeadows, a suburb of Melbourne, for local production belonging to the North American Ford Falcon. The factory was designed in Canada, and was built with a roof which would facilitate dispersal of snow - notwithstanding how snow does not usually fall in Melbourne.
The first Falcon sold in Australia was the XK series, introduced in September 1960. It was initially offered only to be a four door sedan, in both Falcon and Falcon Deluxe trim levels. The XK was essentially a right hand drive version belonging to the North American model, although local country dealers often included modifications such as heavy duty rear suspension (5 leaves) and larger 6.50 x 13 tyres.
The steering was light and the ride surprisingly good, on well-paved roads. The Falcon's 'king-size' drum brakes actually had less lining area than the Zephyr's, on the other hand were stopping a car which has been over 100 kg lighter, so were adequate. Whereas north of manchester American model used an 'economy' 3.10 to a single rear axle ratio, the Australian Falcon was built with a 3.56 to a single ratio which better complemented the torque characteristics of the engine, and yet still allowed a reduction in cruising rpm compared to the Zephyr.
The station wagon, added to the range in November 1960, lacked the American version's extended rear overhang on account of concern that the rear of the actual vehicle might scrape on rough roads and spoon drains.
Billed as being "Australian-with a playing field of difference", Falcon offered the first serious way for you to Holden, and became an instant success. Sales were along with the contemporary FB series Holden being perceived as lacklustre and dated by comparison. A 170 cu in engine was introduced late while in the model's life.
However, before long, XK sales suffered from complaints with regards to the durability on rough outback roads (due chiefly to collapsing front ball joints, and adjusting shims quitting the front suspension, both problems inducing some rather severe front camber); the actual vehicle earned the unflattering nickname "Foul Can" upbeat.
The XK range was expanded in May 1961 with the addition of utility and panel van body styles, officially designated as Falcon Utility and Falcon Sedan Delivery respectively.
Ford Australia introduced some local design changes to the XL during the early 1962, like the heavier suspension system with components from the Fairlane. Also, the appearance was changed with Thunderbird roofline. The slogan was 'Trim, Taut, Terrific'. Nevertheless, the Falcon was still widely perceived as unsuitable for local conditions and sales stagnated. Ford stuck along with the Falcon and sales gradually increased over the following years as improvements to durability and reliability were applied.
New for the XL series were the very best of the range Falcon Futura Sedan as well as Falcon Squire Station Wagon, the latter featuring simulated woodgrain exterior side and tailgate paneling.
The XM, released in 1964, was the first Falcon with an Australian-designed body; the rear taillights were raised for Australian conditions as well as the front end received a full-wrap chrome grill and surrounds. The steering linkage was upgraded with 9/16-inch tie rods instead of the 1/2-inch tie rods perfectly located at the US models. The suspension was also improved aided by the upper control arms lowered to reduce the notorious bump steer based in the North American Falcon (and early Mustangs), the fact that model scaled like. A new two-door hardtop body style was offered for the first time, in both Falcon Deluxe and Falcon Futura trim levels.
The following model, the XP, saw the Fairmont introduced as an upmarket variant. The XP was the "make or break" Falcon: Ford's future in Australia been dependent on this car succeeding. Ford's Deputy Managing Director Bill Bourke conceived a promotion for the new model that has been a major gamble: demonstrate the XPs strength by mercilessly driving a fleet of XP Falcons around its You-Yangs testing grounds for 70,000 miles (110,000 km) at substantially more than 70 mph (110 km/h). The gamble paid off along with the Falcon winning the prestigious Wheels Car of the season award. A 3-speed automatic progressively replaced the 2-speed and front disc brakes were introduced as an option (standard on Fairmont and Hardtop models).
This model has also been the last to find out the Squire personal choice of Ford Falcons which featured wood panels assisting the wagons, within the car USA based station wagons. The Fairmont made its debut, mid-way through the model run, as the flagship of the XP Falcon range. It was offered in both sedan and station wagon body styles, replacing the Futura sedan and Squire wagon. Unlike later examples, the XP Fairmonts carried both Falcon & Fairmont badgework.
Additionally while in the XP range several cars were modified by Bill Warner to install a 260ci/289ci V8 in addition to a three speed automatic or four speed manuals. These cars are discussed to be a precursor to the GT Falcon which debuted this model or as XP Falcon Sprint's.
The next new model Falcon, the XR series, has been around since September 1966. Styling was based on the 3rd type of generation 1966 US Ford Falcon and it was promoted as the "Mustang bred Falcon". It was the first Australian Falcon to always be offered with a V8 engine, the 200 bhp (150 kW), 289 cubic inch (4.7 litres) Windsor unit. The XR marked at the first try a V8 engine could be optioned each and every trim levels associated with an Australian car, V8s having previously been reserved for the more up-market variants. The 144 cubic inch (2.4 litre) six cylinder engine was deleted for the XR series leaving the 170 cubic inch (2.8 litre) six as the beds base Falcon engine. A 200 cubic inch (3.3 litre) six seemed to be available.
The XR series was initially offered in nine different models: Falcon, Falcon 500 and Fairmont Sedans, Falcon, Falcon 500 and Fairmont Wagons, Falcon and Falcon 500 Utilities as well as the Falcon Van. The brand new wagons shared the 111-inch (2,800 mm) wheelbase with the XR sedans, unlike the 1966 US Falcon wagons which featured a 115-inch (2,900 mm) wheelbase. The Falcon 500 replaced the Falcon Deluxe of the XP series and also the two door hardtop body style you can get in the XP series was not offered while in the XR range.
The Falcon XR won the Wheels Car belonging to the Year award in 1966, giving Ford Falcon two straight wins.
The marketing pinpoint the Falcon's relationship aided by the Mustang's sporty appeal led to Ford introducing a Falcon GT variant belonging to the XR in 1967, featuring a 225 bhp (168 kW) version of the 289 cubic inch (4.7 litre) Windsor V8 engine, sourced from the Ford Mustang. The GT heralded the dawn belonging to the Aussie muscle car. Every one of the original XR GTs were painted while in the colour 'GT Gold', except for eight that had been "Gallaher Silver" and another five that have been "Russet Bronze, Sultan Maroon, Polar White, Avis White and Ivy Green". The non-gold GTs, while having the same specifications, will be the rarest of the early Australian muscle cars.
Also specified on the first GT Falcon was a Hurst shifter for the 4spd gearbox, deep dish sports steering wheel, sports instrumentation, chrome full-cover wheel trims, and thick 'GT stripes' along the lower panels between front and back wheels.
The 1968 XT model featured a mild facelift, with a divided grille, and inset driving lights for the GT. The GT also replaced the thick lower body stripes of the XR with narrow stripes along side the waistline from grille to tail light. The tail lights were still round but as opposed to the small round indicator belonging to the XR, the XT model were built with a long indicator new home buyers light. Otherwise all external bodypanels and bumpers were very similar to the XR. Inside, the XT gained a 'strip' speedometer near the round gauges of the XR.
The 1969 XW Falcon introduced bolder styling which featured raised ridges down each front guard and also a 'buttressed' c-pillar (wedding and reception rear windscreen was not relocated), which made automobiles sold in the appear larger than the XR/XT models. A new dashboard and trim variations also appeared. Factory-fitted fully integrated heating and cooling was made available as an option for the first time.
The GT variant gained a bigger V8, the 351 cu in (5.8 L) Canadian-made Windsor engine, producing 291 horsepower (217 kW). The styling of the GT went wilder by having an offset racing-style bonnet scoop, bonnet locks and blackouts, as well as 'Super Roo' stripes along the full length of the car (these as well as bonnet blackouts were a 'delete option'). GT wheels were now 10-slot steel with flat centrecaps over the lug nuts and stainless steel dress rims. The twin 'driving lights' introduced on the XT GT were carried to the site the XW GT.
In the event it was there are not enough indication of Ford's 'Win on Sunday, sell on Monday' racing ambitions, the XW also saw the introduction, in August 1969, of the legendary GT-HO specification. The GT-HO would have been a homologation special built for racing. Externally it was almost indistinguishable from a standard GT, but offered a higher performance engine and improved suspension although the 'HO' stood for 'Handling Option' the cars also gained larger Holley carburettors and other performance additions. The Phase I or 'Windsor HO' was fitted with the 351ci Windsor V8 but was replaced a year later together with the 351 Cleveland, producing 300 horsepower (220 kW) in the Phase II GT-HO. Phase II GT-HO wheels featured a new 5-slot design.
The XW also gained a GS ('Grand Sport') option, that are optioned aided by the 188 cu in (3.1 L) and 221 cu in (3.6 L) six cylinder, 302 cu in (4.9 L) Windsor V8 but are still not the 351 cu in (5.8 L) Windsor V8 on Falcon 500, Futura and Fairmont. It offered exactly the same dash as the GT with sports instruments, sport wheel trims and stripes. The GS lasted until the 1978 XC series I model; longer than the GT, which finished with the XB.
The venerated XY was released in October 1970, with variations to grille and tail lights but otherwise unchanged bodywork from the XW. The six cylinder motors were bigger200 cu in (3.3 L) and 250 cu in (4.1 L). A 2V (i.e., 2-barrel carbureted) version belonging to the 351 Cleveland V8 was an option on all sedans. All GT models remain valuable collectors' cars and this is especially valid of the XY GT and XY GT-HO Phase Iii Clinical Trial, released in 1970.
The GTs styling went wilder again with a 'Shaker' cold-air induction scoop protruding from a hole while in the bonnet, which now sported twin wide GT stripes from grille to windscreen, as opposed to the bonnet blackouts belonging to the XW. The thick side stripes remained, although altered slightly, as did the twin driving lights and blacked out panel in between your tail lights. Wheels were now the 5-slot steel items first seen on the XW Phase Ii Clinical Trial GT-HO. The Phase III GT-HO also sported a plastic front spoiler and also a wild bootlid spoiler styled after those fitted to the Mach series Mustangs.
The upgraded Cleveland V8 in the 1971 XY GT-HO Phase III produced an estimated 385 brake horsepower (287 kW), although Fords official figures for this motor were much lower. The 750cfm Holley carburettor of the XW GT-HO Phase Ii Clinical Trial was replaced by a 780cfm Holley, along with numerous other performance modifications. The Phase III was Australia's fastest four-door production car and most likely the fastest four-door sedan internationally right at that moment, with a top speed of 141.5 mph (227.7 km/h). Power figures continue to be debated today as Ford still claimed 300 hp (220 kW) as the standard 351 Cleveland V8 while in the GT the big ten started GT-HO Phase III received many modifications to increase its reliability and race performance. In 1972 Ford made the 15-inch Globe 'Bathurst' alloy wheels available as an upgrade to the GT-HO Phase III.
During all the memories belonging to the XY model, the uniquely Australian uprated 200, 250 1V and 250 2V variants belonging to the seven-main-bearing 6 cyl. were introduced. Cleveland V8s were imported initially, until the Geelong Foundry began to produce these motors for automatic Falcons in mid 1972. The transmissions included both Ford & Borg-Warner, as did rear axles. The XY is now widely regarded as the best Falcon made in Australia, not just with its Bathurst dominance but also in its performance, build quality and refinement, which was finer quality than competitors when. Current values for XYs in comparison to other Aussie Falcons, and their competitors, attest to that fact.
Australia's first production 4-wheel drive car-based vehiclea utilitywas introduced by Ford as an XY model in 1972. All were fitted with the 250 cubic inch 6 that has been that come with a 30 degree slant to provide front axle suspension clearance relating to the front diff and the sump.
The end of production of the Falcon in america alone paved the manner in which for much greater Australian input in the design of Australian-made Falcons, from 1972 onwards, although for countless years clearly there was still a distinct resemblance to the US-made Mustang. The XA Falcon, introducing a new hardtop coupe model, burst onto the scene along with its distinctive personal choice of paint colours, with purple and wild plum tree being popular, often ordered with white or black upholstery. The XA Falcon Hardtop bore a strong resemblance to the 1970-71 Ford Torino, and shared its "frameless window" doors aided by the utility and panel van variants. The drivetrains carried over from the XY, the big ten started 250-2V was soon dropped, as well as 'full-house' GT-HO engines no longer required on account of changes in production racing regulations. Ford had planned a 'Phase IV' GT-HO (and built four), but cancelled it in the wake belonging to the so-called 'Supercar Superscare'.
The GT variant kept the twin driving lights but reverted to a bonnet blackout with no strips in the least on the vehicle. The front guards received fake 'vents' just behind the indicators, and NACA ducts were in addition to the bonnet. Steel '12-slot- wheels were re-introduced although some people might GTs received the 5-spoke Globe 'Bathurst' wheels, which had been ordered for the GT-HO Phase IV and now would have to be utilised. The GT's rear suspension featured radius rods to help locate the elliptical spring solid rear axle. Other performance parts from the aborted Phase IV found their way onto GTs, including larger fuel tanks and winged sumps. These specced up GTs are generally known 'RPO83's after the option code covering the additional parts, although what parts any given RPO83 received appears to have been governed by the luck belonging to the draw rather than any specific process.
From the rear, XA hardtops can be distinguished from later models by the tail lights, which have lenses which slope inwards (towards the front of the vehicle).
In 1973 the XB Falcon (sold with all the slogan "The Great Australian Road Car") was introduced a lot easier aggressive styling, a multi-function control stalk (indicators, high beam, horn), new colours including colour-coded bumpers on the GT variants, and minor trim variations. Engine options were as before, but the 170 bhp (130 kW) six was dropped. New Panel Van and Utility trim packages, "Surferoo" and "Surfsider" respectively, were introduced.
Power assisted front disc brakes were now standard new home buyers falcon range. The GT variant belonging to the XB also included four-wheel disc brakes (the earlier GT/GTHO models used large finned drums at the rear). The first 211 XB GTs built were fitted with a US-built version of the Cleveland 5.8 litres (351 cu in) V8 referred to as the 'big port' engine, and later XB GTs were fitted with an Australian-built version belonging to the engine with 'small port' heads. There is a notable difference in performance between these engines, and also in resale value as the early US-powered GTs are rarer and for that reason more collectable. The twin driving lights remained, as did the bonnet locks. The bonnet scoops were now integrated in to the 'power bulge' on the bonnet. The bumpers were now body-coloured, and also the power bulge, wheelarches, sills and valances were painted in a contrasting colour to the body (with Yellow Blaze body and black valances seemingly recognized colour combination).
From behind, XB hardtops can be distinguished from the later XC models by the tail lights, seem to be flat lenses with chrome bezels.
This classic car is world renowned for its starring roles in the movies Mad Max and Mad Max 2 (The Fishing Line Warrior), both starring Mel Gibson. In Mad Max, the police use yellow XA and XB sedans, and Max later drives a customised black XB hardtop termed as Pursuit Special, or incorrectly as the Interceptor. The Ford Landau, a two door 'personal coupe' good XB Falcon Hardtop was released in August 1973.
In July 1976 Ford introduced the XC Falcon, ended up being the first model to go along with the brand new pollution regulations specified under Australian Design Rule 27A. This in order to locally produced Cleveland V8s and the introduction belonging to the cross-flow (also known as the X-flow) 6cyl. Versions of this engine were produced in the usa and, in various guises, used in Australian Falcons by means of the XF. Its long stroke and large capacity made for very good 'towing' torque, while its thick castings and relatively loose tolerances gave it a reputation for reliability although abuse.
The XC also introduced the country's first locally produced family sedans with a suspension designed around radial ply tyres. Known as "Touring Suspension" (or 'Sports Handling Suspension'), it initially was standard on the Fairmont GXL sedan (optional on other sedans) until it was made standard equipment on all sedans and hardtops while in the 1978 'XC' facelift. For better handling on station wagons, owners could order the stiffer heavy duty suspension package to be a no-cost option.
Other changes included a totally different dashboard layout to the XA/XB series, new rear doors with a lower sill cut, air extraction vents while in the rear belonging to the c-pillars, and very large bumpers front and back with no additional valance panel under them.
From behind, XC hardtops can be distinguished from earlier models by the tail lights, which have flat lenses with black bezels.
The Falcon Sundowner Van, using Falcon 500 Van, has been available since 1977. It included options from the Falcon GS Hardtop, such as comprehensive instrumentation, bonnet scoops, slotted sports road wheels and driving lights, over half of bodyside protection mouldings and van side glass deleted. Side and rear decals were contained in the package, as was the "sedan ride" 500 kg (10cwt) suspension package and ER70H14 radial ply tyres.
In December 1977 Ford built 13 special order XC Falcon GS Hardtops. These Vehicles carried chassis numbers commencing with JG65TE(Verified by Ford). These cars were specially modified while in the "parts and accessories" or P&A workshop at Ford's Broadmeadows factory. We were looking at all modified and fitted with all the body and mechanical specifications approved while in the September 1977 and October 1977 evolution race homologations, these changes were mostly designed to enhance race durability. The vehicles, sometimes called "Pre-Cobras" formed the basis to the special build of 30 Bathurst Cobras (Build Numbers 02-31) that have been built a few months later in July 1978. It will be believed, since small production numbers of these Homologated GS Falcon Hardtops and also the timing of manufacture, that the batch of 13 cars were built to be a one off special order with regard to Ford and privateer race teams which planned to race them while in the 1978 Australian Touring Car Championship season. Just read was also needed to meet up with CAMS, (Confederation of Australian Motor Sport),regulators for minimum production numbers in order to permit the modifications to be legal for racing. It Can Be understood that seven were raced and 6 where sold off to dealers that marketed them as "Homologation Packs". The GS Homologation
In 1978 inspired by a dominating 1-2 finish for Falcon hardtops at the 1977 Hardie Ferodo 1000 Ford introduced the limited-edition Cobra which used the last 400 Hardtop bodyshells; each Cobra being individually numbered. Using Falcon GS Hardtop, it featured highlights such as Globe 15" alloy road wheels copied from Ferrari intended to back up brake disc cooling, ER70H radial ply tyres, comprehensive instrumentation, bonnet scoops, driving lights, dual exhaust, 4-wheel disc brakes as well as a distinctive white and blue colour scheme. The 5.8 litre engines were installed in cars numbered 002 through 199 and No 351, as well as the 4.9 litre engines were set up on the rest (001, plus 200 through 400 except for No 351).
The Falcon, while popular, was usually outsold in Australia by GM Holden's Kingswood until 1978, when it did start to gain ground after Holden thought he would replace the Kingswood with a smaller model called the Commodore, using European Opel models.
Holden gambled that predicted increase of oil prices while doing this era would drive consumers to choose smaller, more fuel-efficient cars, but the oil price rise never materialised, whilst Ford dealers aggressively pitched the Cortina 6 up against the Commodore alternative until the XD Falcon arrived in 1979.
Ford's next model Falcon, the XD (Project Blackwood), introduced in 1979, bore many external styling resemblances to the European Ford Granada, but was slightly larger and less luxurious. Improved body reinforcing allowed many reductions in component weight to be made, improving performance and braking. The Fairmont Ghia replaced the Fairmont GXL.
Initially, as with all the first Commodores, quality and fuel consumption concerns dogged the XD. The 1980 introduction belonging to the Alloy Head improved the fuel economy belonging to the ageing OHV six cylinder engine, an engine with its roots while in the 1950s, yet still time boosting power in the high compression 4.l version from 92 kilowatts (123 hp) to 94 kilowatts (126 hp). However, while doing this period a mixture of biology Government pressure, the fuel crisis and more stringent pollution controls did start to curtail the introduction of high performance cars.
Along with Ford's consideration to delete the V8 engine, Ford had also considered replacing the Falcon with a smaller front-wheel drive sedan and hatchback, codenamed "Capricorn", but by 1981, the prosperity of the Falcon led the project to be cancelled. A four-door version belonging to the European Ford Scorpio, which right at that moment had only been designed as being a five-door hatchback, was also proposed and progressed as far as the clay model stage.
As the fuel crisis eased, Australians moved from the downsized Commodore here we are at the traditional full-size Falcon. In 1982, for the first time a lot more than a decade, the XE Falcon, that boasts of Watt's Linkage coil-sprung rear suspension, fuel-saving diff ratios (4.1 L models) and optional 5-speed gearbox, eclipsed its Holden rival regarding sales. Ford Falcon remained number one seller in Australia until 1988, when Holden returned to the full-size Australian sedan design. Manual transmission was you can get in 3 speed (in 6 seater), 4 or 5 speeds. Auto transmission was 3 speed in 5 and 6 seater units.
The Australian-assembled V8s were continued until 1982. Ford Australia had built up a large stockpile of V8s intended to last until 1984. After the announcement belonging to the end of the V8 in 1982 however, the stockpile had evaporated in the end of the year. During this time, Ford Australia also built a quantity of 4-bolt 351s similar to those used in NASCAR then for race purposes in Australia. When the 351's race career ended in 1985, the remains were shipped and sold throughout the country.
The 4.1 litre EFI six-cylinder was introduced to replace the (4.9 litre) V8 but initially produced 111 kilowatts (149 hp) and 325 newton metres (240 lbft) of torque, well down from the 149 kilowatts (200 hp) and 415 newton metres (306 lbft) previously put together by the 5.8 litre V8. The Ford V8s remained absent between 1983 and 1991.
The Falcon XF sedan and wagon sold between October 1984 and March 1988 (modified to run on unleaded petrol from January 1986), with all the Ute running through to March 1993. The handling and ride were described as competent, but the non-powered steering was heavy at low speeds with an overly strong castor action after performing a maneuver for example a U-turn. Power steering (and 4-wheel disc brakes) were made standard in 1986. It remains Ford's best-selling Falcon model to date; over 278,000 XFs were built. It was the first model since the XP to not ever offer a V8 engine.
When the XF Falcon passenger car range was replaced by the redesigned EA series, the XF commercials (utility and panel van) continued unchanged due to there being no EA series versions. The XF commercial models continued unchanged stylistically, but in the future would gain the EB series engine updates.
The XG, released in March 1993, represented the most important update to the Falcon commercials in five years. Aside from a new namethe ute was called the 'Falcon Longreach'the XG got a new engine, an exterior facelift, and lost a few of the speed (or 3-on-the-tree) column-shift manual transmission (3 speed column-Auto remained) along with 5 speed manual. Ford Australia added the Longreach name for its tough "workhorse" image, as the birthplace of Qantas and also the home belonging to the famous Australian Stockman's Hall of Fame on the boundaries belonging to the outback. The model was introduced to the media in Longreach.
The XG was essentially an update belonging to the XF. It gained the EB II's 4.0L OHC inline six-cylinder engine, with either a five-speed manual or four-speed auto transmissions (floor or column shift), meaning Ford could retire the old engine and transmission options. It also gained interior updates from the EB as an example instrument cluster, centre console (by 50 percent seater models), steering wheel, seats. Exterior changes were minimal, and included an EB-style grill, black window trims (instead of chrome on XF's) EB style door 'rubbing' strips, and indicator lights on the front quarter panels.
An XR6 model was released in October 1993. Over the standard model, it gained the ED's XR6 161 kilowatts (216 hp) engine, distinctive quad headlights, indicators while in the front bumper (because different headlights), sportier suspension, ED XR6 seats, trim, 15 inch five-spoke alloy wheels and exterior badging. 1,050 XR6s were sold between October 1993 and March 1996.
The XH series Falcon utility and van, released in 1996,were essentially XG models facelifted to resemble the contemporary Falcon EF sedans and wagons. The XH also gained an all-new front suspension and gear steering from the EAEL series cars. This meant all that the frame & bodywork from the firewall forward was changed. The turret (roof) panel on the utility was now domed and lost its squared-off appearance, increasing interior head room. By now, the popularity of the panel van had faded and Ford released their final Falcon panel van in 1997 in the revised XH II series. It was also with this model that the V8 engine was re-introduced in to the Falcon utility commercial vehicle range. After 20 years, the fourth generation Falcon (XD-XE-XF-XG-XH) was discontinued in April 1999.
Because of an A$700 million development the Ford EA Falcon introduced in 1988, bore a passing resemblance to the European Ford Scorpio. However plantar too the skin, it remained a real possibility Australian design, and is credited as the first Falcon model in order to wind tunnel testing. The EA have also been only produced in sedan and station wagon body styles, aided by the previous-model (XF) utility and panel van continuing in production.
Engine choices comprised three straight-six engines: the short-lived, CFI 3.2 litre, a 3.9 litre, and a 3.9 litre multi-point. A five-speed T50D fully synchronised manual and Borg-Warner M51 three-speed automatic transmission were offered, however the latter was replaced by way of a four-speed BTR 85SXLE in the Series II range then updated to the BTR 95LE while in the EB update in 1991.
The EA Falcon was to be found in four trim levels: the beds base model was named GL and was perfect for businesses that a few of the.2 litre straight-six, although most GLs were sold aided by the 3.9 CFI. A few of the.9 litre CFI engine was available in the sporty Falcon S and in the luxurious Fairmont; the MPI version was standard only while in the prime quality Fairmont Ghia.
19901991 Ford EA II Falcon GL station wagon
The EA Falcon, released according to the codename EA26 (E for the large size, A for Australia, 26 for the (usually in sequence) global project number), would retain the traditional Falcon hallmarks of width and rear-wheel drive. This became the correct move as sales belonging to the Falcon began to climb after the fuel crisis aftermath, while those of the rival Commodore slipped. It became clear that Australian buying patterns had not truly changed and what is the public wanted was a full-size (albeit smaller) family car.
In addition, Ford's dominance belonging to the taxi market in Australia meant that a car that could comfortably seat three along side the back seatand even the front, with a bench seat installedwas necessary. It also ensured that Ford could retain, at least until Holden released the brand new Statesman/Caprice in 1990, the marketplace for official cars for governmental use.
While initially popular, the EA's build quality was uncompetitive with uneven panel shutlines, computer problems, poor paint quality and front suspension alignment problems.
Launched in October 1989, the Series II brought with it a four-speed automatic transmission, body-coloured B-pillars, and also the 3.2 litre engine was dropped. The timber grown today Series II models having significantly fewer problems than the Series I, Series II prices tend to be laid low with curtailed resale values. Exactly the same problem also affects the NA Fairlane and DA series LTD, and even the ute and panel van variants, which persisted along with the older XF architecture.
Visually the 1991 Ford EB Falcon remained nearly identical to its predecessor. The most noticeable change was the transfer belonging to the Ford emblem from the tip of the bonnet to the grille. Additionally the air vents in C-pillars had been abolished, and reversing lamps were featured on either side belonging to the rear number plate. The return belonging to the V8 engine was welcomed by the motoring press, the true trouble 5.0 litre Windsor unit still did not reappear while in the utility variants through to the "EF-shaped" XH a list of 1997. There have been also changes to the front suspension geometry, giving the EB a much better level of grip and steering feel. Together with the new model, Ford re-introduced the sports orientated GT specification level, an exclusive 250 unit run celebrating the 25th anniversary of the first original Falcon GT. The first XR6 and XR8 sports models appeared in the EB Series.
The radically different Series II model, appearing in showrooms in April 1992, saw the six-cylinder engine upsized by 35 cubic centimetres (from 3949 cc to 3984 cc). This brought the nominal total swept capacity to 4.0 litres. The transmission and electronics were also improved, and there were tweaks to the styling. The beds base model now had body-coloured bumpers, as well as the previously matte black plastic exterior door handles were now given a glossy finish. The update reportedly cost A$1 million.
Innovation became an evident strength in the EB II: anti-lock brakes became an option, as well as in 1993, a lap sash centre rear seatbelt became standard. The EB also introduced the "Smartlock" security locking system. South Australian Police revealed the operational success of "Smartlock", by inviting four professional car thieves to steal an EB specified along with the locking system. The thieves were unsuccessful at their attempt, giving up within the senate days. Foam-filled A-pillars also featured, which greatly increased crush protection and stiffened the frame, thus and helps to reduce Noise, Vibration, and Harshness.
The ED Falcon came in airport terminal attack Holden's new VR Commodore in 1993. The front grille was now elliptical to differentiate it from the EB, along with the sports genre (XR6, and XR8) gained an exclusive quad headlamp cluster. At your residence comeback in the ED range was the Futura. The safety orientated Futura was marketed towards private buyers, and was well suited for cruise control, anti-lock brakes, and featured body-coloured mirrors. First since the XF series, the luxurious Fairmont Ghia trim level was not available in station wagon form.The standard 4.0Litre six cylinder produced 145 kW (197 PS; 194 hp), the XR6 high performance option 164 kW (223 PS; 220 hp), as well as 5.0Litre SEFI V8 165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) at 4500 rpm.
When the facelifted EF has been around since August 1994, it brought with the wine a new curvaceous body shape while sharing its doors (albeit, with a brand new door handle design) and a lot of of its body structure together with the earlier EAED series cars.Unlike the sedan, the station wagon inherited the rear styling belonging to the ED series. Aided by the new model, came a thoroughly redesigned interior. Cup holders were now prominent features in every one of models, and Ford paid particular attention to safety. A driver's airbag was made standard on all variants, a first for an Australian car, although the Holden VR Commodore was the first to feature it as an option. On the surface, the reinforced body gave added rollover strength and front collision protection. An original new innovation introduced in the EF range was the "Smart Bar". A bullbar developed to work seamlessly along with the vehicle's airbag system.
The 4.0 litre inline six-cylinder engine was upgraded in order to assist refinement and increase power to 157 kilowatts (211 hp) this included the removal of the distributor as it was replaced with a coil-pack ignition system that had been a first for the Falcon. Also the intake manifold was changed include things like a dual length system which involved intake runners of two different lengths and also a valve to switch relating to the two. Changes were also made to the suspension aided by the aim of providing a more supple ride, but drew criticism for producing nervous handling as well as an unsettling a feeling of roll oversteer (a problem not corrected until the EL facelift).
A passenger airbag was offered as an option in the Series II facelift of October 1995. The unique design allowed it to protect the not only the front passenger, but the centre passenger as well (only the entry-level GLi was offered with the optional bench seat). The Fairmont Ghia was the only trim level to take delivery of dual airbags as standard, which also benefited from the XR6 engine, leather upholstery, extensive use of chrome and lowered suspension. Utilizing neoprene rubber insulation, road and wind noise was cut off from the inside the cabin, contributing to vehicle refinement. Ford also dropped the XR6 station wagon from the lineup while in the Series II.
The EF Series also saw the first use of polycarbonate headlight lenses as opposed to glass, saving weight and gaining shatter resistance.
The very last E-series model, the EL Falcon, was merely a facelift of the EF intended to keep sales strong until the sixth generation AU falcon was already released. Eat change visually, was the return belonging to the grille on the GLi and Futura spec levels. The brand new oval grille tied in with Ford's global lineup of that time. Cosmetic updates extended further with the bonnet, front bumper and headlamps also receiving a revised design.New grilles were now prominent on the luxury variants (Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia), along with the quad-headlamps belonging to the XR sport models gained minor changes. New wheel trims were featured on all trim levels, and station wagon variants gained white tinted indicator lenses, replacing the amber tint which in fact had been common ever since the introduction of the EA.
With the EL stocks a particular a revision again along with the engine by this point the distributor was refitted and the coil-pack ignition removed, though power remained the same 157 kilowatts (211 hp) at 4900 rpm / 357 newton metres (263 lbft) at 3000 rpm.
To address handling concerns with all the EF, improvements were in order to the rear suspension and steering which would largely be attributed to Ford Australia's association with Tickford. Speed-sensitive power steering on the Fairmont Ghia made parking more straightforward, without compromising high speed steering. With the exception of the GLi, the entire range was fitted with standard Bosch 5.3 ABS brakes, and an advanced window film known as "Smart Tint" gave equivalent protection levels of SPF15 sunscreen.
Interior upgrades ranged from reshaped seats and headrests, to new colour schemes, and switches. Station wagons could now be ordered with third-row accommodation and an electric network for mobile phone usage.
The brand new generation AU Falcon was released in 1998. Initially, the company looked at various other Ford products which includes Ford Taurus, Mazda 929, and also the European Scorpio as replacements for the Falcon. After serious evaluation, Ford Australia to be able to continue with the Falcon, partly because the investment required along with the effect on local employment. Developed inside the given code name "EA169", AU adopted Ford's New Edge styling, which had been getting rid of differentiate it from the "conformist" styling prevalent while in the 1990s. The gamble, which had worked together with the Ford Focus, did not particularly endear the AU Falcon to its buyers. Ford attempted to address the AUs issues in its Series II (April 2000) and Series III (November 2001) updates, which brought minor styling changes possibly a raised bonnet new home buyers range (excluding XR6 and XR8 models), as well as the scrapping of the unpopular "waterfall" grill on the base model Forte. The series 2 and 3 also received larger brakes on the front with 278mm rotors and twin piston calipers. The brand new brakes required 16 inch rims to be fitted. From Series II, the SmartLock system was replaced with a more secure SmartShield system with a transponder based in the key preventing someone from copying your key and stealing your car. The new key is able to be programed in if you've 2 pre programed keys or with a ford computer. A laminated firewall was implemented to reduce NVH, and the V8 received incremental power upgrades amongst other things. Since AU's controversial styling, sales still did not meet expectations, being outsold by its chief rival, the Holden VT, and VX Commodores.
Officially debuting in September 2002, the Ford BA Falcon would have been a major update belonging to the AU, with Ford designers and engineers almost wiping the board clean, as well as in the process spending just over $500 million, a figure much larger than previously anticipated. The BA Falcon won the prestigious Wheels Car of the season Award (COTY) in 2002. Major elements of the overhaul included enhancing a more effective Control-Blade independent rear suspension, a significant revamp belonging to the car's inline 6-cylinder engine and two new V8 engines and, most importantly off, new transmissions. Design wise, the BA received a new kind of look, with designers giving both the front and back quarters belonging to the car substantial work, resulting in much more contemporary , European-style design. The BA also introduced a thoroughly remodelled interior, whereby the 'oval shaped' instrument cluster was replaced with a more conservatively styled cluster. It featured a large LCD screen, situated in a "satin finished" centre console (Called the "Interior Command Centre" or ICC in short). In a very year of its release, Falcon sales had increased substantially and, temporarly while, eclipsed Holden Commodore sales.
Ford introduced their new Barra straight-six 4.0 litre DOHC VCT engines into the lineup, which included a turbocharged (240 kilowatts (320 hp)/450 newton metres (330 lbft)) version and base line (182 kilowatts (244 hp)/380 newton metres (280 lbft)) naturally aspirated version. The BA also featured a new North American designed 5.4 litre 4V Boss and Barra 3V V8 engines. The Barra 220 (220 kilowatts (300 hp)/472 newton metres (348 lbft)) Boss 260 (260 kilowatts (350 hp)/500 newton metres (370 lbft)) and Boss 290 (290 kilowatts (390 hp)/520 newton metres (380 lbft)) engines were smoother, quieter and more fuel efficient than the Ford Windsor engine used while in the AU. In October 2004, Ford released the Mark II update of the BA. One of the changes would have been a six-speed manual transmission, four new exterior colours, and revised wheels trims.
In 2004 Ford introduced the Territory SUV that led to based upon the BA's engine, floorpan and IRS. I thought this was introduced as a result to however long it takes decline in large sedan sales in Australia, since this sector's share of the total market has been steadily shrinking for a decade.
Visually kind of like its forerunner, the BF update from October 2005 got its start with an emphasis geared more towards powertrain enhancements, as opposed to design. The BF Falcon received various mechanical upgrades, including engine modifications and improvements towards noise, vibration, and harshness. The naturally aspirated six-cylinder engine gained a small increase in power to (190 kilowatts (250 hp), while also bringing improvements in fuel economy and compliance with Euro III emission standards. The turbocharged version of same engine also received further gains in output, with peak power rising to 245 kilowatts (329 hp) and 480 Nm (350 lbft) of torque. Ford, with all the BF, also introduced the six-speed ZF 6HP26 automatic transmission and electronic stability control, as both versions were made available on selected trim levels.
Ford updated its Falcon lineup along with the Mark II update in October 2006. Select trim levels in the BF II range (XT, Futura and Fairmont) saw a modified front-end, which featured more of a sporting image and was more aerodynamic. The entry-level XT could now be specified together with the six-speed automatic, with four-speed-automatic continued as the standard transmission. Fuel efficiency figures also improved, with figures of 10.7 L/100 km (22 mpg-US; 26 mpg-imp) for the beds base XT and 10.2 L/100 km (23 mpg-US; 28 mpg-imp) for variants fitted with the ZF six-speed automatic.
I really hope release belonging to the FG Falcon model in 2008, the BF wagon was revised and re-released in Mark III guise. Production continues as of December 2009.
In the bottom of 2010 the Falcon wagon was discontinued. Instead, Ford pitched the smaller Ford Mondeo wagon as a replacement for buyers wanting the flexibility of a wagon. The last petrol-engined BF was built on 30 June, while LPG E-Gas models continued until September 2010.
The seventh generation Falcon, referred to as the FG, was announced at a press event on 17 February 2008. The FG moniker references the now discontinued Fairmont Ghia. The longstanding Futura and Fairmont models happen to be discontinued, having been replaced by the G6 and G6E models respectively. The Fairmont V8 has been replaced by the G6E Turbo.
The inline six-cylinder engine received a power upgrade of 5 kilowatts (6.7 hp) and 8 newton metres (5.9 lbft) to 195 kilowatts (261 hp) at 6000 rpm/391 newton metres (288 lbft) at 3250 rpm. The engine can also use 95 RON fuel, adding 3 kilowatts (4.0 hp) and 18 newton metres (13 lbft), a figure higher again on 98 RON fuel where certain sources would claim 420Nm of torque and 208 kW on RON98 petrol. The turbocharged engine used while in the XR6 Turbo and G6E Turbo models produces (270 kilowatts (360 hp) and 533 newton metres (393 lbft)). The power output of is comparable to previous FPV turbos, but is a substantially modified design: the new induction system with a bigger and more efficient intercooler, higher compression ratio, extra boost and strengthened internals would be the key changes. The XT, G6 and G6E also come with an E-Gas (LPG) option. The engine continues to work with a similar VCT system as its BA/BF predecessors. Fuel consumption continues to be improved over the outgoing model. The XR6 Turbo received MOTOR magazine's Bargain 2008 award.
The FG adds a "Virtual-Pivot" system to the front suspension designed to further improve levels of steering, handling and turn-in; and complements Ford's Control-Blade IRS system first introduced on the BA Falcon in 2002.
In an unprecidented move, at the 2008 introduction belonging to the FG Falcon, the XR8 was the only V8 model available. The 5.4-litre V8 (which dated back up in the 1990's) produced 290 kilowatts (390 hp)/520 newton metres (380 lbft). In June 2010, new emissions regualtions introduced meant that the iconic V8 engine needed to be discontinued. Ford phased this out quietly; motoring journals and magazines did not even report on the cover. As of now, Ford offers no V8 on associated with the its model lines. However, then the V8 was phased out, Ford's performance subsidiary, FPV, introduced a Ford America sourced V8, the 5.0 litre coyote (as used in the Mustang). Prodrive specifically developed the engine in Australia to FPV's own standards (read below). A new FPV model, the GS, was released to "plug the hole" concerned with the XR6 Turbo and also the higer level (and price) FPV V8 models when the XR8 was phased put. The GS is an entry point to FPV, taking most sales that who have been destined for the first sort Ford XR8.
It truly is almost a certain possibility that the same 5.0 coyote engine will be introduced while in the 2012 Falcon, and the new range of EcoBoost engines. Ford Australia general marketing manager David Katich hinted at a V8 Falcon model range to combat Holden's SS, SS-V and Calais-V model ranges. This is able to mark a return of a V8 to Ford's line up after an absence of over 2 years. The engine would be de-tuned, possibly appearing without the supercharger, and producing which range from 270-300kw. You can find speculation that the V8 would can be bought in several Falcon models, along with the appearance of a G6E V8 and possibly a base model Falcon V8, the first Falcon models other than the XR8 to take a look with a V8 ever since the BF range, which has been phased out in 2008. Another highlight is regarding a Ford Territory V8, nevertheless this is unlikely, as the brand new generation SZ Territory was only introduced in autumn 2011.
The 5.0 litre 'modular V8' engine is currently the Ford Performance Vehicles' V8 engine, released in June 2010. Initially two versions were released, one with a rating of 315 kilowatts (422 hp) and 545 newton metres (402 lbft) of torque and also the other at 335 kilowatts (449 hp) and 570 newton metres (420 lbft) of torque. Both engines carry the 'Boss' moniker, together with the 315 kW version dubbed the "Boss 315", as well as the more powerful version dubbed the "Boss 335".
In 2010 Ford Australia celebrated 50 years of continuous Falcon production, from 1960 to this point. A special XR50 model was released to commemorate the occasion. The commomorative model marked the beginning of the FG update.
The first update to the FG model was released in the second-half of 2010. Unlike in previous generations such as BA and BF the place where a minor model update was recognized "Mk II", Ford have instead labelled all cars made after October 2010 with the "FG Update" label. The update adds several small interior elements as standard to all the vehicles. iPod Integration and Bluetooth are now being standard all through the range as well as the popular ZF 6-speed Gearbox has additionally made standard all around the range, spelling the long run of the 4 and 5 speed variants. Other changes included a different option wheel rim design and new floor mat and side step designs. Curtain Airbags have remained as a $300 optional extra.
A new liquid-injection LPG engine (EcoLPi) was introduced in second-half of 2011. It offers a superior superior performance and miles per gallon as compared to the previous E-gas LPG engine.
The FG Falcon was the first Australian manufactured car to achieve five stars in the independent ANCAP crash safety testing. It achieved a score of 34.6 out of 37.
Après notre long séjour à Mission (le long séjour de Camille, devrais-je dire), nous avons passé deux jours au Falcon Reservoir, un State Park que nous connaissons déjà pour y avoir séjourné plus d'une semaine, il y a ...
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Ford XF Falcon. This Ford Falcon (XF) can be a full-size car that was created by Ford Australia from 1984 to help 1988. It was the third iteration of the fourth generation with this Australian-made model and additionally included ...
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XF Falcon Wagon: 1980's Ford Falcon bread and butter. Now becoming rarer... don't send that old Falcon to the scrap yard please.
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Xf falcon 3 uploaded in Xf Falcon: ... Owner: Cameron Turner (View all images and albums); Uploaded: Feb 22 2014 09:33 AM; Views: 257; Album: Xf Falcon · Xf engine Bay · Xf falcon 2 · Xf falcon 3 · Xf falcon 4 ...